BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Alam, S.Q., Mannino, S.J., Alam, B.S. and McDonough, K., 1995, Effect of essential fatty acid deficiency on forskolin binding sites, adenylate cyclase and cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase activity, the levels of G proteins and ventricular function in rat heart. J. Molecul. Cellul. Cardiol., 27, 1593 - 1604.

Anderson, I.M., Parry-Billings, M., Newsholme, E.A., Fairburn, C.G. and Cowen, P.J., 1990, Dieting reduces plasma tryptophan and alters brain 5-HT function in women. Psychol. Med., 20, 785 - 791.

Andriolo, S., Rouanet, J-M., Lafont, J. and Besancon, P., 1984, Inactivation of phaseolamin, an alpha-amylase inhibitor from Phaseolus vulgaris, by gastric acid and digestive proteases. Nutr. Rep. Int., 29, 149 - 156.

Apfelbaum, M., Bostsarron, J., Brigant, L and Supin, H., 1967, La composition de poids diete hydrique; effets de la suplementation protidique. Gastroenterologie, 108, 121 - 134.

Apfelbaum, M., Bagiagta, F., Giachetti, I. and Serog, P., 1981, Effects of a high protein, low energy diet in ambulatory subjects with special reference to nitrogen balance. Int. J. Obesity, 5, 117 - 130.

Ashley, F.W. and Kannel, W.B., 1974, Relation of weight change to changes in atherogenic traits: the Framingham study. J. Chronic. Dis., 27, 103 - 114.

Astrup, A., Madsen, J., Holst, J.J. and Christensen, N.J., 1986, The effect of chronic ephedrine treatment on substrate utilization, the sympathoadrenal activity, and energy expenditure during glucose-induced thermogenesis in man. Metabolism, 35, 260 - 265.

Avons, P., Ducimetiere, P. and Rakotovao, R., 1983, Weight and mortality. Lancet, 1, 1104.

Baird, I.M., Parsons, R.L. and Howard, A.N., 1974, Clinical and metabolic studies of chemically defined diets in the management of obesity. Metabolism, 23, 645 - 657.

Bakhit, R.M., Klein, B.P., Essex-Sorlie, D.L., Ham, J.O., Erdman, J.W. and Potter, S.M., 1994, Intake of 25g of soybean protein with or without soybean fiber alters plasma lipids in men with elevated cholesterol concentrations. J. Nutr., 124, 213 - 222.

Bettens, C., Heraief, E. and Burckhardt, P., 1989, Short and long term results of a progressive reintroduction of carbohydrates (PRCH) after a protein-sparing modified fast (PSMF). Int. J. Obes., 13 (Suppl. 2), 113- 117.

Bhattacharyya, A.K., Strong, J.P., Malcom, G.T., Guzman, M.A. and Oalmann, M.C., 1990, Relationships between body weight, adiposity and adipose tissue fatty acid composition in humans: Their nutritional and metabolic implications. Nutr. Res., 10, 3 - 14.

Bistrian, B.R., Sherman, M. and Young, V., 1981, The mechanisms of protein sparing in fasting supplemented by protein and carbohydrate. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 53, 874 - 878.

Bjorck, I. and Elmstahl, H.L., 2003, The glycaemic index: importance of dietary fibre and other food properties. Proc. Nutr. Soc., 62, 201 - 206.

Björntorp, P., 1987, Fat cell distribution and metabolism. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 499, 66 - 72.

Bo-Linn, G.W., Santa Ana, C.A., Morawski, S.G. and Fordtran, J.S., 1982, Starch blockers - their effect on calorie absorption from a high-starch meal. N. Engl. J. Med., 307, 1413 - 1416.

Brandle, E., Sieberth, H.G, and Hautmann, R.E, 1996, Effect of chronic dietary protein intake on the renal function in healthy subjects. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 50, 734 - 740.

Bucci, L.R., 1994, Nutritional ergogenic aids. Nutrition in Exercise and Sport, Ed. Wolinsky and Hickson, 2nd Ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, 306.

Burkitt, D.P. and Trowell, H.C., 1975, Concluding considerations; in Burkitt and Trowell (eds): "Refined Carbohydrate Foods and Disease", London, Academic Press, 333 - 345.

Burton-Freeman, B., 2000, Dietary fiber and energy regulation. J. Nutr., 130, 272S-275S.

Carabin, I.G. and Flamm, W.G., 1999, Evaluation of safety of inulin and oligofructose as dietary fiber. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 30, 268 - 282.


Carlson, G.L., Li, B.U., Bass, P. and Olsen, W.A., 1983, A bean alpha-amylase inhibitor formulation (starch blocker) is ineffective in man. Science, 219, 393 - 395.

Carpene, C., Galitzky, J., Fontana, E., Atgie, C., Lafontan, M. and Berlan, M., 1999, Selective activation of beta-3-adrenoceptors by octopamine; comparative studies in mammalian fat cells. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol., 359, 310 - 321.

Chen, Z.Y., Ratnayake, W.M., Fortier, L., Ross, R. and Cunnane, S.C., Similar distribution of trans fatty acid isomers in partially hydrogenated vegetable oils and adipose tissue of Canadians. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 73, 718 - 723.

Cherbut, C., 2002, Inulin and oligofructose in the dietary fibre concept. Br. J. Nutr., 87, S159 - S162.

Clandinin, M.T., Cheema, S., Field, C.J. and Baracos, V.E., 1992, Impact of dietary essential fatty acids on insulin responsiveness in adipose tissue, muscle and liver. Essential Fatty Acids and Eicosanoids, Ed. Sinclair and Gibson, AOCS, Champaign, 416 - 420.

Colker, C.M., Kalman, D.S., Torina, G.C., Perlis, T. and Street, C., 1999, Effects of Citrus aurantium extract, caffeine, and St. John's Wort on body fat loss, lipid levels, and mood states in overweight healthy adults. Curr. Ther. Res., 60, 145 - 153.

Cooper, J.R., Bloom, F.E. and Roth, R.H., 1986, The Biochemical Basis of Neuropharmacology. 5th Edition, Oxford University Press, New York & Oxford.

Cunnane, S.C., McAdoo, K.R. and Horrobin, D.F., 1986, n-3 Essential fatty acids decrease weight gain in genetically obese mice. Brit. J. Nutr., 56, 383 - 393.

Dam, H., 1971, Determinants of cholesterol cholelithiasis in man and animals. Am. J. Med., 51, 596 - 613.

Davidson, S., Passmore, R., Brock, J.F. and Truswell, A.S., 1975, in Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 26 - 27, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, London and New York.

Davies, H.J., Baird, I.M., Fowler, J., Mills, I.H., Baillie, J.E., Rattan, S. and Howard, A.N., 1989, Metabolic responses to low- and very-low-calorie diets. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 49, 745 - 751.

Davis, P.G. and Phinney, S.D., 1990, Differential effects of two very low calorie diets on aerobic and anaerobic performance. Int. J. Obes., 14, 779 - 787.

De Vries, J.W., 2003, On defining dietary fibre. Proc. Nutr. Soc., 62, 37 - 43.

Donnelly, J.E., Pronk, N.P., Jacobsen, D.J. and Jakicic, J.M., 1991, Effects of a very-low -calorie diet and physical-training regimens on body composition and resting metabolic rate in obese females. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 54, 56 - 61.

Dulloo, A.G. and Miller, D.S., 1986, The thermogenic properties of ephedrine/methylxanthine mixtures: human studies. Int. J. Obes., 10, 467 - 481.

Duncan, G.C., Jenson, W.K., Fraser, R.L. and Cristofori, F.C., 1962, Correction and control of intractable obesity. J. Am. Med. Assoc., 181, 309 - 312.

Eisenstein, J., Roberts, S.B., Dallal, G. and Saltzman, E., 2002, High-protein weight-loss diets: are they safe and do they work? A review of the experimental and epidemiologic data. Nutr. Rev., 60, 189 - 200.

FAO/WHO, 1980, Dietary Fats and Oils in Human Nutrition; report of an Expert Consultation. FAO, Rome.

FAO, 1995, Fats and oils in human nutrition, Report of a joint expert consultation (1993), FAO Food and Nutrition Papers, No. 57.

FAO/WHO, 1990, Protein Quality Evaluation, Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Protein Quality Evaluation. Rome.

Flamm, G., Glinsmann, W., Kritchevsky, D., Prosky, L. and Roberfroid, M., 2001. Inulin and oligofructose as dietary fiber: a review of the evidence. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., 41, 353 - 362.

Flatt, J.P., 1995, Body composition, respiratory quotient, and weight maintenance. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 62, 1107S - 1117S.

Fontana, E., Morin, N., Prevot, D. and Carpene, C., 2000, Effects of octopamine on lipolysis, glucose transport and amine oxidation in mammalian fat cells. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C., 125, 33 - 44.

Formiguera, S.X., Barbany, C.M., Carillo Blanchar, M., Galan Ortega, A., Herrero Espeso, P. and Foz Sala, M., 1991, Modificaçiones antropometricas y balance de nitrogeno en paçientes con obesidad morbida tratados con dieta muy baja en calorias. Med. Clin. (Barc.), 96, 401 - 404.

Friedman, M. and Brandon, D.L., 2001, Nutritional and health benefits of soy proteins. J. Agric. Food Chem. , 49, 1069 - 1086

Garrow, J.S., 1978, Energy balance and obesity in man, 95 - 98, Elsevier/North Holland and Biomedical Press, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford.

Garrow, J.S., Scott, P.F., Heels, S., Nair, K.S. and Halliday, D., 1983, A study of 'starch blockers' in man using 13C-enriched starch as a tracer. Hum. Nutr. Clin. Nutr., 37, 301 - 305.

Gerard, J., 1597, The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes, John Norton, London. Second Edition enlarged and amended by Thomas Johnson, 1633, and reprinted 1636 [Note: translation of Dodoens' Stirpium Historiae Pemptades Sex, Antwerp, 1583].

Gerasimova, L.K., and Barelko, I.B., 1980, [Trace elements in medicinal food plants of the Kirgiz-SSR, USSR]. Fiziol. Biokhim. Kul't Rast., 12, 186 - 188.

Goodwin, C.W. and Wilmore, D.W., 1988, Enteral and parenteral nutrition, in "Clinical Nutrition", Ed. Paige, The C.V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, 476 - 503.

Goubern, M., Yazbeck, J., Senault, C. and Portet, R., 1990, Non-shivering thermogenesis and brown adipose tissue activity in essential fatty acid deficient rats. Arch. Int. Physiol. Biochim., 98, 193 - 199.

Gougeon-Reyburn, R., Leiter, L.A., Yale, J.-F. and Marliss, E.B., 1989, Comparison of daily diets containing 400 kcal (1.67MJ) of either protein or glucose, and their effects on the response to subsequent total fasting in obese subjects. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 50, 746 - 758.

Gougeon, R., 1992, The metabolic response to two very low energy diets (VLED) of differing amino acid composition during weight reduction. Int. J. Obesity, 16, 1005 - 1012.

Gougeon, R., Hoffer, L.J., Pencharz, P.B. and Marliss, E.B., 1992a, Protein metabolism in obese subjects during a very low energy diet. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 56, 249S - 254S.

Gougeon, R., Pencharz, P.B. and Marliss, E.B., 1992b, Protein turnover during two very low energy diets (VLED) od differing amino acids [aa] composition in obesity. 61st Annual Meeting, The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.

Granum, P.E., Holm, H., Wilcox, E. and Whitaker, J.R., 1983, Inhibitory properties of 2 commercially available starch blocker preparations. Nutr. Rep. Int., 28, 1233 - 1244.

Grundy, S.M., 1991, Which saturated fatty acids raise cholesterol levels, in "Health Effects of Dietary Fatty Acids", Ed. Nelson, AOCS, Champaign, 83 - 93.

Hamm, P., Shekelle, R.B. and Stamler, J., 1989, Large fluctuations in body weight during young adulthood and twenty-five-year risk of coronary death in men. Am. J. Epidemiol., 129, 312 - 318.

Hammond, K.A., and Janes, D.N., 1998, The effects of increased protein intake on kidney size and function. J. Exp. Biol., 201, 2081 - 2090.

Heleniak, E.P. and Aston B., 1989, Prostaglandins, brown fat and weight loss. Med. Hypotheses, 28, 13 - 33.

Herselman, M.G., Albertse, E.C., Lombard, C.J., Swanepoel, C.R. and Hough, F.S., 1995, Supplemented low-protein diets--are they superior in chronic renal failure? S. Afr. Med. J., 85, 361 - 365.

Hill, E.G., Johnson, S.B., Lawson, L.D., Mahfouz, M.M. and Holman, R.T., 1982, Perturbation of the metabolism of essential fatty acids by dietary partially hydrogenated vegetable oil. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 79, 953 - 957.

Hoffmans, M., Pfeifer, W.A., Gundlach, B.L., Nijkrake, H.G.M., Oude Ophuis, A.J.M. and Hautvast, J.G.A.J., 1979, Resting metabolic rate in obese and normal weight women. Int. J. Obesity, 3, 111 - 118.

Hollenbeck, C.B., Coulston, A.M., Quan, R., Becker, T.R., Vreman, H.J., Stevenson, D.K. and Reaven, G.M., 1983, Effects of a commercial starch blocker preparation on carbohydrate digestion and absorption in vivo and in vitro studies. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 38, 498 - 503.

Holman, R.T., Johnson, S.B. and Ogburn, P.L., 1991, Deficiency of essential fatty acids and membrane fluidity during pregnancy and lactation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 88, 4835 - 4839.

Holman, R.T., Adams, C.E., Nelson, R.A., Grater, S.J., Jaskiewicz, J.A., Erdman, J.W. and Johnson, S.B., 1995, Patients with Anorexia Nervosa demonstrate deficiencies of selected essential fatty acids, compensatory changes in nonessential fatty acids and decreased fluidity of plasma lipids. J. Nutr., 125, 901 - 907.

Holman, R.T., 1998, The slow discovery of the importance of the omega-3 essential fatty acids in human health. J. Nutr., 128, 427S -433S.

Houglum, J.E. and Chappell, G.S., 1984, Quantitative determination of the alpha-amylase inhibitor from Phaseolus vulgaris using size exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography. J. Liq. Chromatograph., 7, 2895 - 2904.

Howard, A.N., Gresham, G.A., Jones, D. and Jennings, I.W., 1965, The prevention of rabbit atherosclerosis by soya-bean meal. J. Atheroscler. Res., 5, 330 - 337.

Howarth, N.C., Saltzman, E. and Roberts, S.B., 2001, Dietary fiber and weight regulation. Nutr. Rev., 59,129 - 139.

Ignatovski, A.I., 1908, Influence of animal food on the organism of rabbits. Izv. Imp. Voyenno-Med. Akad. Peter., 16, 154 - 176.

Ikeda, K., Mochizuki, S., Nara, Y., Horie, R. and Yamori, Y., 1987, Effect of milk protein and fat intake on blood pressure and the incidence of cerebrovascular diseases in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol., 33, 31 - 36.

James, W.P.T., 1983, Obesity. In Oxford Textbook of Medicine, Eds. Weatherall, Ledingham and Warrell, 8.26 - 8.42. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Jenkins, D.J.A., Wolever, T.M.S., Hockaday, T.D.R., Leeds, A.R., Howarth, R., Bacon, S., Apling, E.C. and Dilawari, J., 1977a, Treatment of diabetes with guar gum. Lancet, ii, 779-780.

Jenkins, D.J.A., Leeds, A.R., Gassull, M.A., Cochet, B., and Alberti K.G.M.M., 1977b, Decrease in postprandial insulin and glucose concentrations by guar and pectin. Ann. Intern. Med., 86, 20 - 23.

Jenkins, D.J.A., Wolever, T.M.S., Nineham, R., Taylor, R., Metz, G.L., Bacon, S. and Hockaday, T.D.R., 1978, Guar crispbread in the diabetic diet. Brit. Med. J., 2, 1744 - 1746.

Jenkins, D.J., Axelsen, M., Kendall, C.W., Augustin, L.S., Vuksan, V. and Smith, U., 2000, Dietary fibre, lente carbohydrates and the insulin-resistant diseases. Br. J. Nutr., 83, S157 - S163.

Jenkins, D.J., Kendall, C.W. and Vuksan, V., 1999, Inulin, oligofructose and intestinal function. J. Nutr., 129, 1431S - 1433S.

Jéquier, E., 1987, Energy utilization in human metabolism. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 499, 73 - 83.

Jéquier, E., 1989, Energy metabolism in human obesity. Soz. Praventium, 34, 58 - 62.

Jones, D., Gresham, G.A. and Howard, A.N., 1963, The effect of Atromid on arterial disease induced by semi-synthetic diet in the rabbit. J. Atheroscler. Res., 3, 716 - 724

Jones, D., 1979, Graaft u uw graf met uw tanden?. Chemisch Weekblad(M), 778 - 781.

Jones, D., 1981, The Treatment of Obesity: diet or drug? Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, 2, 199 - 202.

Jones, D., unpublished observations: Internal Reports, Organon International B.V., 1975 - 1979.

Jones, D., 1990, Neglected nutrients in dietary weight reduction programmes: the essential fatty acids! The Bariatrician (Am. J. Bar. Med.), Fall 1990, 11 - 15.

Jones, D., 1993a, Trans fatty acids and dieting. Lancet, 341, 1093.

Jones, D., 1993b, The fatty acid of red meat that can cause thrombosis, and may cause gallstones. Bariatrix Bulletin, 1(3), 3 - 4.

Jones, D., 1994, Good, bad and indifferent fat in the diet. Bariatrix Bulletin, 2(1), 2 - 4.

Jones, D., 1998, The Citrus aurantium story; the best Ma huang alternative for fat loss & energy. All Natural Muscular Development, 108 - 111, 176 (February).

Jones, D., 2001, Regulation of appetite, body weight and athletic function with materials derived from citrus varieties. U.S. Patent 6,224,873.

Jones, D., 2001, Confectionery product made of protein and carbohydrate materials present in a relative weight ratio higher than 1. U.S. Patent 6,299,929.

Jones, D., 2001, Methods for increasing the muscle mass of a human with materials derived from citrus varieties. U.S. Patent 6,316,499.

Jones, D., 2002, Regulation of athletic function with materials derived from citrus varieties. U.S. Patent 6,340,481.

Jones, D., 2002, Methods for inducing weight loss in a human with materials derived from Citrus varieties. U.S. Patent 6,340,482.

Jones, D., 2002, Confectionery product made of protein and carbohydrate materials present in a relative weight ratio higher than 1. U.S. Patent 6,432,457.

Jones, P.J.H. and Schoeller, D.A., 1988, Polyunsaturated:saturated ratio of diet fat influences energy substrate utilization in the human. Metabolism, 37, 145 - 151.

Katiyar, S.K., Sharma, K. and Bhatia, A.K., 1990, Composition of some unconventional Himalayan wild fruits. J. Food Sci. Technol. India, 27, 309 - 310.

Kaur, N., and Gupta, A.K., 2002, Applications of inulin and oligofructose in health and nutrition. J. Biosci., 27, 703 - 714.

Kitazato. H., Fujita, H., Shimotomai, T., Kagaya, E., Narita, T., Kakei, M. and Ito, S., 2002, Effects of chronic intake of vegetable protein added to animal or fish protein on renal hemodynamics. Nephron, 90, 31 - 36.

Klahr, S., 1996, Is there still a role for a diet very low in protein, with or without supplements, in the management of patients with end-stage renal failure?
Curr. Opin. Nephrol. Hypertens. 5, 384 - 387.

Klein, G.L. and Rivera, D., 1985, Adverse metabolic consequences of total parenteral nutrition. Cancer, 55, 305 - 308.

Knight, E.L., Stampfer, M.J., Hankinson, S.E., Spiegelman, D., and Curhan, G.C., 2003, The Impact of Protein Intake on Renal Function Decline in Women with Normal Renal Function or Mild Renal Insufficiency. Ann Intern Med., 138, 460 - 467.

Kolida, S., Tuohy, K., and Gibson, G.R., 2002, Prebiotic effects of inulin and oligofructose. Br. J. Nutr., 87, S193 - S197.

Kritchevsky, D., Tepper, S.A., Czarnecki, S., Klurfeld, D.M. and Story, J.A., 1983, Effects of animal and vegetable protein in experimental atherosclerosis. Animal and Vegetable Proteins in Lipid Metabolism and Atherosclerosis, Ed. Gibney and Kritchevsky, Alan. R. Liss, New York, 85 - 100.

Kushi, L.H., Meyer, K.A. and Jacobs, D.R., 1999, Cereals, legumes, and chronic disease risk reduction: evidence from epidemiologic studies. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 70, 451S - 458S.

Layer, P., Anderson, C.A., Zinsmeister, A.R. and DiMagno, E.P., 1984, Partially purified amylase inhibitor is a starch blocker, it decreases starch digestion and postprandial plasma glucose in humans. Gastroenterol., 86, 1155.

Layer, P., Rizza, R.A., Go, V.L.W. and DiMagno, E.P., 1985, A starch blocker purified amylase inhibitor that improves postprandial carbohydrate tolerance in patients with with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Gastroenterol., 88, 1468.

Layer, P., Rizza, R.A., Zinsmeister, A.R., Carlson, G.L. and DiMagno, E.P., 1986, Effect of a purified amylase inhibitor on carbohydrate tolerance in normal subjects and patients with diabetes mellitus. Mayo Clin. Proc., 61, 442 - 447.

Leaf, D.A., Connor, W.F., Barstad, L. and Sexton, G., 1995, Incorporation of dietary n-3 fatty acids into the fatty acids of human adipose tissue and plasma lipid classes. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 62, 68 - 73.

Levitt, N.S., Vinik, A.I., Sive, A.A., Child, P.T. and Jackson, W.P.U., 1980, The effect of dietary fibre on glucose and hormone responses to a mixed meal in normal subjects and in diabetic subjects with and without autonomic neuropathy. Diabetes Care, 3, 515 - 519.

Lindner, P.G. and Blackburn, G.L., 1976, Multidisciplinary approach to obesity utilizing fasting modified by protein sparing therapy. Obesity/Bariatric Medicine, 5, 198 - 216.

London, S.J., Sacks, F.M., Caesar, J., stampfer, M.J., Siguel, E. and Willett, W.C., Fatty acid composition of subcutaneous adipose tissue and diet in postmenopausal US women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 54, 340 - 345.

Lovenberg, W. and Yamori, Y., 1984, Nutritional factors and cardiovascular disease. Clin. Exp. Hypertens., A6, 417 - 426.

LRSO (Life Sciences Research Office), 1987, Physiological effects and health consequences of dietary fiber. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Bethesda, Maryland.

Mahdihassan, S. and Mehdi, F.S., 1989, Soma of the Rigveda and an attempt to identify it. Am. J. Chin. Med., 17, 1 - 8.

Malchow-Moller, A., Larsen, S., Hey, H., Stokholm, K.H., Juhl, E. and Quaade, F., 1981, Ephedrine as an anorectic: the story of the 'Elsinore pill'. Int. J. Obes., 5, 183 - 187.

Malcolm, G.T., Bhattacharyya, A.K., Velez-Duran, M., Guzman, M.A., Oalmann, M.C. and Strong, J.P., 1989, Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue in humans: Differences between subcutaneous sites. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 50, 288 - 291.

Marks, J.W., Bonorris, G.G. and Schoenfield, L.J., 1991, Roles of deoxycholate and arachidonate in pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstones in obese patients during rapid loss of weight. Dig. Dis. Sci., 36, 957 - 960.

Marks, J.W., Bonorris, G.G., Albers, G. and Schoenfield, L.J., 1992, The sequence of biliary events preceding the formation of gallstones in humans. Gastroenterology, 103, 566 - 567.

Marks, J.W., Uhler, M.L., Bonorris, G.G. and Judd, H.L., 1997, Nucleation of biliary cholesterol, arachidonate, prostaglandin E2, and glycoproteins in postmenopausal women. Gastroenterology, 112, 1271 - 1276.

Martini, L.A. and Wood, R.J., 2000, Should dietary calcium and protein be restricted in patients with nephrolithiasis? Nutr. Rev., 58, 111 - 117.

Miller, D.S., 1969, in Obesity: Medical and Scientific Aspects, eds. McLean Baird/Howard, 56 - 74, Livingstone, Edinburgh and London.

Millward, D.J., 1999, Optimal intakes of protein in the human diet. Proc. Nutr. Soc., 58, 403 - 413.

Murphy, O., 2001, Non-polyol low-digestible carbohydrates: food applications and functional benefits. Br. J. Nutr., 85, Suppl 1:S47 - S53.

Nathan, C. and Rolland, Y., 1987, Pharmacological treatments that affect CNS activity: serotonin. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1987, 499, 277 - 296.

National Research Council, Committee on Diet and Health, 1989, Diet and Health; implications of reducing chronic disease risk, 220. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

National Research Council (U.S.), Committee on Diet and Health, 1989, in: Diet and Health: implications for reducing chronic disease risk, 563 - 592. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Nydahl, M., Gustafsson, I.-B., Ohrvall, M. and Vessby, B., 1994, Similar serum lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations in healthy subjects on diets enriched with rapeseed and with sunflower oil. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 48, 128 - 137.

Oi, Y., Okuda, T., Koishi, H., Koh, H., Waki, M., Kurata, M. & Nambu, S, 1987, Relationship between protein intake and nitrogen balance in obese patients on low energy diet. J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol., 33, 219 - 226.

Pasquali, R., Casimirri, F. & Melchionda, N., 1987, Protein metabolism in obese patients during very low calorie mixed diets containing different amounts of protein and carbohydrate. Metabolism, 36, 1141 - 1148.

Pasquali. R., Cesari, M.P., Melchionda, N., Stefanini, C., Raitano, A. and Labo, G., 1987, Does ephedrine promote weight loss in low-energy-adapted obese women? Int. J. Obes., 11, 163 - 168.

Pasquali, R., Casimirri, F., Melchionda, N., Grossi, G., Bortoluzzi, L., Morselli Labate, A.M., Stefanini, C. and Raitano, A., 1992, Effects of chronic administration of ephedrine during very-low-calorie diets on energy expenditure, protein metabolism and hormone levels in obese subjects. Clin. Sci., 82, 85 - 92.

Phinney, S.D., Tang, A.B., Johnson, S.B. and Holman, R.T., 1990a, Reduced adipose 18:3 omega 3 with weight loss by very low calorie dieting. Lipids, 25, 798 - 806.

Phinney, S.D., Odin, R.S., Johnson, S.B. and Holman, R.T., 1990b, Reduced arachidonate in serum phospholipids and cholesteryl esters associated with vegetarian diets in humans. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 51, 385 - 392.

Phinney, S.D., Davis, P.G., Johnson, S.B. and Holman, R.T., 1991, Obesity and weight loss alter serum polyunsaturated lipids in humans. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 53, 831 - 838.

Phinney, S.D., 1996, Metabolism of endogenous and exogenous arachidonic acid in cancer. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 399, 87 - 94.

Poortmans, J.R. and Dellalieux, O., 2000, Do regular high protein diets have potential health risks on kidney function in athletes? Int. J. Sport Nutr. Exerc. Metab., 10, 28 - 38.

Potter, S.M., Bakhit, R.M., Essex-Sorlie, D.L., Weingartner, K.E., Chapman, K.M., Nelson, R.A., Prabhudesai, M., Savage, W.D., Nelson, A.I., Winter, I.W. and Erdman, J.W., 1993, Depression of plasma cholesterol in men by consumption of baked goods containing soy protein. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 58, 501 - 506.

Pullman-Mooar, S., Laposata, M., Lem, D., Holman, R.T., Leventhal, L.J., De Marco, D., and Zurier, R.B., 1990, Alteration of the cellular fatty acid profile and the production of eicosanoids in human monocytes by gamma-linolenic acid. Arthritis Rheum., 33, 1526 - 1533.

Rabast, U., Schönborn, J. and Kasper, H., 1979, Dietetic treatment of obesity with low and high-carbohydrate diets: comparative studies and clinical results. Int. J. Obesity, 3, 201 - 211.

Racette, S.B., Schoeller, D.A., Kushner, R.F. Neil, K.M. and Herling-Iaffaldano, K., 1995, Effects of aerobic exercise and dietary carbohydrate on energy expenditure and body composition during weight reduction in obese women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 61, 486 - 494.

Robins, S.J., and Fasulo, J., 1973, Mechanism of lithogenic bile production: studies in the hamster fed an essential fatty acid-deficient diet. Gastroenterology, 65, 104 - 114.

Rosenfeld, M., Catalano, M., Quashie, A., Sklar, N. and Brugge, W., 1984, Inhibition of amylase activity by starch blocker results in carbohydrate malabsorption. Gastroenterol., 86, 1223.

Rossner, S., Walldius, G. and Bjorvell, H., 1989, Fatty acid composition in serum lipids and adipose tissue in severe obesity before and after six weeks of weight loss. Int. J. Obesity 13, 603 - 612.

Roust, L.R., Kottke, B.A. and Jensen, M.D., 1994, Serum lipid responses to a eucaloric high-complex carbohydrate diet in different obesity phenotypes. Mayo Clin. Proc., 69, 930 - 936.

Sanders, K., Johnson, L., O'Dea, K. and Sinclair, A.J., 1994, The effect of dietary fat level and quality on plasma lipoprotein lipids and plasma fatty acids in normocholesterolemic subjects. Lipids, 29, 129 - 138.

Schley, P.D., and Field, C.J., 2002, The immune-enhancing effects of dietary fibres and prebiotics. Br. J. Nutr., 87, S221 - S230.

Siguel, E.N. and Schaefer, E.J., 1988, Aging and nutritional requirements of essential fatty acids, in "Dietary Fat requirements in Health and Development", Ed. Beare-Rogers, American Oil Chemists' Society, Champaign, Illinois, 163 - 189.

Siguel, E.N. and Lerman, R.H., 1993, Trans-fatty acid patterns in patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease. Am. J. Cardiol., 15, 916 - 920.

Siguel, E.N. and Lerman, R.H., 1994, Altered fatty acid metabolism in patients with angiographically documented coronary artery disease. Metabolism, 43, 982 - 983.

Siguel, E.N. and Lerman, R.H., 1996, Prevalence of essential fatty acid deficiency in patients with chronic gastrointestianl disorders. Metabolism, 45, 12 - 23.

Silk, D.B.A. and Dawson, A.M., 1979, Intestinal absorption of carbohydrate and protein in man. In "Gastrointestinal Physiology III" (Crane, R.K., Ed.), 19, Baltimore, University Park Press, 151 - 203.

Silverstone, J.T., Stark, J.E. and Buckle, R.M., 1966, Hunger during total starvation. Lancet 1:1343.

Skov, A.R., Toubro, S., Bulow, J., Krabbe, K., Parving, H.H. and Astrup, A., 1999, Changes in renal function during weight loss induced by high vs low-protein low-fat diets in overweight subjects. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord., 23, 1170 -1177.

Smith, R., and Williamson, D.H., 1983, Biochemical background. In Oxford Textbook of Medicine, Eds. Weatherall, Ledingham and Warrell, 8.4 - 8.12. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Sprecher, H., 1977, Biosynthesis of polyunsaturated fatty acids and its regulation. In "Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids", Ed. Kuan and Holman, American oil Chemist's Society, Champaign, Illinois, 1 - 18.

Takada, R., Saitoh, M. and Mori, T., 1994, Dietary gamma-linolenic acid-enriched oil reduces body fat content and induces liver enzyme activities relating to fatty acid beta-oxidation in rats. J.Nutr., 124, 469 - 474.

Tanimura, H., Takenaka, M., Setoyama, M., Nagase, M and Hikasa, Y., 1977, Pathogenesis and treatment of pancreatitis due to essential fatty acid deficiency. Gastroenterol Jpn., 12, 483 - 489.

Trowell, H., 1972, Crude fibre, dietary fibre and atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis, 16, 138 - 140.

Trowell, H., Southgate, D.A.T., Wolever, T.M.S., Leeds, A.R., Gassull, M.A. and Jenkins, D.J.A., 1976, Dietary fibre redefined. Lancet, i, 967.

Umoren, J. and Kies, C., 1992, Commercial soybean starch blocker consumption impact on weight gain and on copper, lead and zinc status of rats. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 42, 135 - 142.

Van Dale, D. and Saris, W.H., 1989, Repetitive weight loss and weight regain: effects on weight reduction, resting metabolic rate and lipoytic activity before and after exercise and/or diet treatment. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 49, 409 - 416.

Van der Meer, R. and Beynen, A.C., 1987, Species-dependent responsiveness of serum cholesterol to dietary proteins. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 64, 1172 - 1177.

Van Ommen, B., de Bie, B. and Bar, A., 1996, Disposition of 14C-erythritol in germfree and conventional rats. Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 24, S198 - S205.

Vasquez, J.A., Morse, E.L. and Adibi, S.A., 1985, Effect of dietary fat, carbohydrate and protein on branched-chain amino acid catabolism during caloric restriction. J. Clin. Invest., 76, 737 - 743.

Vasquez, J.A., Kazi, U., and Madani, N., 1995, Protein metabolism during weight reduction with very-low-energy diets: evaluation of the independent effects of protein and carbohydrate on protein sparing. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 62, 93 - 103.

Wadden, T.A., Stunkard, A.J., Brownell, K.D. and Day, S.C., 1985, A comparison of two very-low-calorie diets: protein sparing modified fast versus protein formula liquid diet. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 41, 533 - 539.

Wene, J.D., Connor, W.E. and Den Besten, L., 1975, The development of essential fatty acid deficiencies in healthy men fed fat-free diets intravenously and orally. J. Clin. Invest., 56, 127 - 134.

Wexler, B.C., 1983a, Enovid-induced exacerbation of the propensity for stroke in low protein fish diet-fed stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Stroke, 14, 995 - 1000.

Wexler, B.C., 1983b, Low protein fish vs. low protein animal diet enhances the propensity for stroke in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Stroke, 14, 585 - 590.

Widhalm, K., 1986, Effect of diet on serum lipids and lipoprotein in hyperlipoproteinemic children. Nutritional Effects on Cholesterol Metabolism, Ed. Beynen, Transmondial, The Netherlands, 133 - 140.

Willett, C.W., Stampfer, M.J., Manson, J.E., Colditz, G.A., Speizer, F.E., Rosner, B.A., Sampson, L.A. and Hennekens, C.H., 1993, Intake of trans fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease among women. Lancet, 341, 581 - 585.

Wilson, J.H.P., Rietveld, T., Van Den Berg, J.W.D., Jansen, H., Swart, G.R. and Lamberts, S.W.J., 1989, The effect of very low energy diets on the fatty acid composition of serum lipids. Int. J. Obesity, 13 (Suppl. 2), 51 - 60.

Woods, L.L., 1995, Intrarenal mechanisms of renal reserve. Semin. Nephrol., 15, 386 - 395.

Wurtman, R.J., 1987, Dietary treatments that affect brain neurotransmitters: effects on calorie and nutrient intake. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1987, 499, 179 - 190.

Zwang, T., Murray, M., Klocke, K., Miles, J.M. and Holman, R.T., 1997, Effects of the incubation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on platelet lipids and thromboxane release. Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids, 56, 259 - 264.

Zwiauer, K. and Widhalm, K., 1987, Auswirkung zweier unterschiedlicher Reduktionsdiäten auf die HDL-Cholesterin- konzentrationen überwichtiger Jügendlicher. Klin. Pädiatr., 199, 392 - 398.


- back to top -